Young people can now get vacation | Latest news

Young people between the ages of 12 and 18 can now be vaccinated, another hallmark of the long, deadly struggle against the pandemic.

Additionally, the Federal Centers for Disease Control has offered the insanely reluctant one more reason to vaccinate – a suggestion that those fully vaccinated should put their masks aside under most circumstances, both indoors and outdoors.

The federal government approved the Pfizer vaccine for immediate use in children ages 12 to 16 after studies showed it offered almost complete protection from symptomatic infections with minimal side effects similar to those seen in adults – including, in some cases, fever, Arm pain and fatigue and a day or two of flu-like symptoms.

The CDC also last week gave fully vaccinated people permission not to wear masks indoors and outdoors, except in certain settings such as hospitals, doctor’s offices, nursing homes, airplanes and public transportation.

People who are not vaccinated should continue to distance themselves socially and wear masks in public, especially in areas such as Gila, Apache and Navajo counties that are still at “high risk of infection”.

In the meantime, the vaccination campaign has already borne fruit – although only 36% of the population are fully vaccinated. Infection rates continue to fall across the country, even in Laggard Arizona – which is now number 33 for infections nationwide.

Nationwide, the number of new cases has fallen in the last two weeks on average by 31% to 11 per 100,000.

In Arizona, the rate is down 13% to 9 per 100,000 – which is still producing 649 new cases daily. Hospital stays are down 6% and deaths are down 15%.

To date, 33% of Arizona residents have been fully vaccinated and 43% have had at least one dose.

The first dose of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccine provides about 80% protection against infection, while the second dose increases resistance to about 95%.

Nevertheless, the current vaccination values ​​will remain well below the threshold of “herd immunity” once the pandemic disappears and new infections from outside will find it difficult to gain a foothold.

Even so, even at current levels, the vaccines have dramatically slowed the spread of the virus. In contrast, poorly vaccinated countries like India are suffering from the worst outbreaks since the pandemic began.

Apache County remains one of the few places in Arizona where cases have continued to increase on average over the past two weeks – by 8% to 8 cases per 100,000.

That’s about six new cases a day. One in six people has recovered from an infection in the county dominated by the Navajo reservation.

Navajo County has seen an encouraging decrease of 35% to 9 cases per 100,000. Every seventh person has recovered from an infection.

Gila County reports a worrying 9% increase, but cases remain low at 4 per 100,000. Nevertheless, the district is exposed to a high risk of new cases. One in eight people has recovered from an infection.

Even hard-hit Santa Cruz County – with 14 new cases per 100,000 – has seen a 210% decline in the past two weeks.

Right now, Yavapai County is facing the largest increase in new cases – a 29% increase to eight cases per 100,000.

The general decline in new cases has been despite the spread of new, more contagious varieties across the state.

Epidemiologists have documented at least two cases of the virus that is ravaging India – which is spreading faster, causing more serious diseases, and potentially proving more resistant to the vaccine.

The variety that devastated Britain – B.1.1.7 – is now the dominant variety in Arizona.

Thanks to eight different mutations in the spike protein that the virus uses to infiltrate cells, it spreads 50% to 70% more easily than the original strain.

Nevertheless, the existing vaccines against this strain work just as well as against the previously dominant strain.

All of this means that only the steady advances in vaccinating people have prevented another, even more dangerous, surge as people return to more normal lives and children return to personal education.

This makes the ongoing efforts to vaccinate between 70 and 90% of the population crucial in containing the virus. In the rest of the unvaccinated world, new, more dangerous varieties are still developing and are easily spreading in the United States.

The tests showed that the vaccine is safe and effective in children aged 12 to 16 years.

People can now enroll for teenagers and epidemiologists are hoping most children will be vaccinated before school resumes in August or September. With enough children vaccinated, not only can school safely resume face-to-face tuition, but also gatherings, sporting events, field trips, plays, happy playgrounds, and long school bus rides.

Epidemiologists hope the results of clinical trials will also lead to approval of a safe and effective vaccine for younger children before school resumes in the fall.

Studies have shown that the virus rarely finds a foothold in elementary schools, both because children don’t mix with many people during the day and because younger children are less likely to become infected or spread the virus for reasons that are unclear.

In middle and high schools, clusters have developed that spread across campus during sports tournaments and then spread to family members.

However, most of the cases discovered on campus have started in families and then come to school once the children become infected at home.

That’s why both parents and children should be vaccinated, say epidemiologists.

Children make up almost 20% of the population, which means it will be very difficult to get 70% of the population vaccinated without also shooting most of the teenagers and children.

“Vaccinating children against COVID-19 is a key component in reaching the two-thirds threshold for herd immunity and preventing the pandemic from spreading and mutating,” said Dr. Miguela Caniza, director of the St. Jude Global Infections Disease Division.

“Obtaining emergency approval of the Pfizer vaccine for 12 to 15 years is an important step.”

She noted that many teenagers and children who don’t even have symptoms when infected can unknowingly spread the virus further.

“The COVID virus has come to stay with us and our best defense is to achieve herd immunity. It is likely that these vaccines will become part of the current routine vaccines for children, ”the doctor concluded.

Meanwhile, the CDC has also created another incentive for adults to get vaccinated with new advice on wearing masks.

Last week, the CDC changed its recommendation to allow people who are fully vaccinated to avoid wearing a mask both outdoors and indoors – with certain narrow exceptions.

People should continue to wear masks in hospitals and nursing homes, on airplane flights, and in accordance with corporate requirements – even when fully vaccinated, the CDC said.

The CDC continues to recommend masks in prisons, prisons, homeless shelters, and public transportation.

Disease experts hope the recommendation will provide a new incentive to get the shot among the 30 or 40% of the population who have expressed reluctance.

Only a third of the US population is fully vaccinated and only about half have received a single shot. Fortunately, around 80% of those over 65 got a shot – which is likely responsible for the decline in the national death rate.

However, younger people can get infected easily. Although their risk of death is lower, they continue to die, suffer from serious illnesses and act as reservoirs for the virus to spread further.

In addition, studies suggest that COVID causes long-term medical problems in most people who are infected, regardless of age.

The CDC issued a statement last week saying, “The science is clear: when you are fully vaccinated, you are protected and can start doing the things you stopped doing because of the pandemic.

Studies have shown that currently approved vaccines are more than 90% effective against mild and severe illness, hospitalization, and death – a reflection of the results of the first clinical trials involving approximately 50,000 people.

A study of 6,710 healthcare workers in Israel – 5,500 of whom were fully vaccinated – found that the Pfizer vaccine was 97% effective in preventing symptomatic infections and 86% effective in preventing asymptomatic infections.

This means that the vaccine also drastically reduces the chances of infection – which means that people who are vaccinated very rarely pass the disease on to others.

Previous studies show that the current vaccines against the known variants are still highly effective. However, the companies that made the current vaccines continue to work on booster shots that can handle any flavors that may appear.

Peter Aleshire covers county government and other issues for the Independent. He is the former editor of the Payson Roundup. Reach out to him at [email protected]

Comments are closed.